To set the stage for our 100th anniversary in 2012, we have reflected over the past few months on events leading to the founding of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory in 1912.
As Frank Perret made his way to Italy, Thomas Jaggar made plans to relocate to Hawaiʻi in early January 1912. Meanwhile, the 1911 holiday season was made livelier by spectacular volcanic activity at Kīlauea. Lava within Halemaʻumaʻu, which had begun to cover the crater floor in November, continued to rise and was within 35 feet of the crater rim by the end of December (right). Rumors that the Technology Station, built on the crater rim by Perret, had burned down due to the rising lava lake were rampant, but Hilo newspapers assured the public that the hut was only scorched. However, intense heat of the Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake separated the heavily corroded steel cable that Perret had strung across the crater in July, causing it to fall into the lake. The floating "lava islands," which had been a constant feature during Perret's time at Kīlauea, disappeared in the rising lava lake.
"100 years ago this month" complete series (July through December)
Preview of coming events
In January 2012, HVO will conduct its 3rd annual Volcano Awareness Month and begin a year-long celebration of its 100th anniversary with activities and events described in the schedule below.
A fissure erupted on the east flank of Puʻu ʻŌʻō early on the morning of September 21, 2011, feeding channelized ʻaʻā flow down the cone.