USGS
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

Kilauea
Eruption
Summary

Hazards
History

Mauna Loa

Earthquakes

Other Volcanoes

Volcanic Hazards

About HVO

Kilauea

9 August 2002

The long-anticipated Highcastle entry--at last

Note: all images this morning were taken from virtually the same spot, looking west most times but east occasionally.
Middle and western falls at new Highcastle ocean entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Close-up of lava plopping into sea, western entry at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Western (left) and middle lava falls at new Highcastle entry. Height of sea cliff at Highcastle is an estimated 10-15 m. 0521. Right. Telephoto of bottom of western falls. Slow shutter speed causes drops to smear out. 0522.
New eastern entry at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Close-up of lava falling in middle entry at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Eastern lava falls at new Highcastle entry. This falls is just west of the eastern road kipuka. 0530. Right. Looking west again, telephoto of part of middle falls, now being joined by another entry in lower right (better shown in next image). 0546.
Light starts to come to western and middle falls at Highcastle entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Eastern entry at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Dim predawn light shows profile of sea cliff and another lava falls just joining the group at right side of image. 0548. Right. Looking east again at the eastern cluster of lava falls and sea cliff beyond. 0549:30.
Light comes to western and middle falls at new Highcastle entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Rainbow at dawn over new Highcastle entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Now another falls has appeared, just west of the former westernmost falls. It shows as streaky drips just left of main western falls. Middle falls is most prominent. 0556:45. Right. Dawn rainbow, sun catching wave, and lava falls on a glorious Friday morning. 0613.
Sunlight on new Highcastle entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Sunlight, with some alpen glow, on western part of new Highcastle entry. 0614.

Aerial view of Highcastle lobe and entry area, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Highcastle kipuka from air. Highcastle lobe is, broadly speaking, the part of the shiny flow headed toward the kipuka. Note how the flow crossed an intervening high area and then spread laterally, mostly west, as it neared the sea. Large view shows three remnants of road; the western two are being covered. Western and eastern groups of entries are separated by 1995 lava flow. Most steam comes from western group. Paliuli is dark cliff near top of image.

Various happenings in Mother's Day flow above Paliuli

Breakout near 2300-foot elevation in already dead forest, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Skylight in Mother's Day flow on Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Breakout at about 2300-foot elevation in Mother's Day flow, moving through already dead forest. Right. Skylight in flow on Pulama pali, showing moving lava in tube.
Snout of `a`a flow below Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Channel in `a`a flow on Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Snout of `a`a flow below Pulama pali, with its feeding channel in background on pali. Right. Lava channel in `a`a on Pulama pali.

10 August 2002

More doings at Highcastle

Intrepid photographers at Highcastle entry, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Lava moving toward sea cliff at Highcastle, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Early morning photographer silhouetted by glow from western group of entries at Highcastle at 0527. Yesterday morning's images were taken from that location. Note other photographers on other side of glow. Right. Lava moves toward sea cliff with dawning sky behind. Glow on left from lava falls at eastern Highcastle entry. 0532
Western group of entries at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Western group of entries at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Two views of western group of lava falls, taken from location of silhouetted photographer in image above. Figures west of entries give scale.  Left. 0547. Right. 0557:16.
Detail of lava falls at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Detail of lava falls at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Two telephoto views of lava falls in western group.  Left. Base of main falls shown in previous two images, viewed from same location. 0557:40. Right. Dribble to right of main falls. 0612.
Lava preparing to plunge over sea cliff at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Lava just starting to plummet over sea cliff between western and eastern groups of falls. Large view shows tiny detached drop of lava with water backdrop; drop comes from small falls faintly seen near right edge of cliff. 0613:40.

11 August 2002

Scenes of a bench growing at Highcastle

New Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
New Highcastle bench, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Bench, estimated to extend 10 m from sea cliff, is forming at western group of lava falls at Highcastle. These views show changing predawn mood in only 2 minutes, depending on steam and lava. Left. 0533. Right. 0535.
New Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
New Highcastle bench at base of sea cliff, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
As dawn approaches, bench takes form jutting out from sea cliff. Left. 0543. Right. 0546.
Lava spigot at edge of Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Lava spigots at Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Two views of lava spigots at front of bench.  Left. Lava is fed through tube to brink of bench and then falls to sand below. 0553. Right. Gush of lava has disrupted tube and spills directly onto sand below. 0556.

12 August 2002

Changes at Highcastle

Bench below eastern group of lava falls at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Bench formed since yesterday morning below eastern group of lava falls at Highcastle. Bench reaches about 10 m seaward. 0545.

Breakout at top of sea cliff, with Highcastle bench below, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
A vantage point gone south, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Dual breakouts, just started, at top of sea cliff. From breakout points, lava plummets directly to bottom of sea cliff. Eastern bench section in background. 0547. Right. Former vantage point for western group of lava falls, top center, awash with lava at 0553. The site could barely be occupied at 0530, but it was too hot to take any images.

14 August 2002

Back to Highcastle

Activity on Highcastle bench of Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Highcastle bench at daybreak, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Glow above breakout on east end of Highcastle bench, with entry from leading edge of bench behind and lava cascades down sea cliff to right. 0536 Right. At daybreak, east end of bench at Highcastle becomes from evident. Breakout on bench is now mainly crusted over. 0553.
People viewing lava falls at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Highcastle bench just after dawn, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Left. Looking east across lava falls shown in images above. Visitors are well beyond limits imposed by national park. 0601 Right. East end of Highcastle bench just after dawn, with breakouts and water entries.

15 August 2002

Small doings at Highcastle

Small lava cascade onto Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Top of lava cascade at Highcastle bench, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Activity at Highcastle has diminished from that of yesterday. Only one cascade is active, and that is off and on. Left. Small cascade of lava tumbles onto east end of Highcastle bench. 0604. Right. Top of Highcastle cascade. Camera crew in background for scale. 0634.
High-definition TV camera crew at Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

High-definition-TV camera crew working at Highcastle. 0625.

16 August 2002

Lava on the pali and below, with aerial views of new benches

Lava on Pulama pali and Paliuli, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Trickle of lava on Paliuli feeds `a`a flow at base, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Activity at ocean entries is in limbo, so eyes turn inland. Left. Two levels of surface lava. In upper right, two open channels pour down steepest part of Pulama pali. In lower left, single cascade descends Paliuli, about 20-25 m high. Channels on Pulama pali are about 1.6 km behind cascade on Paliuli and 250 m higher. Some lava in Pulama channels ends up at Paliuli cascade; rest coats surface above pali. 0522.  Right. Trickle of lava down Paliuli feeds stubby `a`a flow (foreground) and extensive inflating pahoehoe. 0551.
The three new benches from the air, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Looking east across lower Mother's Day flow (light gray), showing Wilipe`a bench (nearest end of Chain of Craters Road), West Highcastle entry area, and Highcastle entry area (at sharp bend in coastline). Beyond Highcastle is flow field developed through early 2002. Pulama pali is slope in upper left, and Paliuli shows as black scarp crossing flow in upper left quadrant.

Aerial view of Highcastle lobe and entry area, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
| med | large |

Looking up Highcastle lobe of Mother's Day flow. Entry area is shown by bench; narrow feeding flow is flanked by vegetated kipuka. Remnant of Chain of Craters Road lies just east of flow. In background is Paliuli, with several lava fans built against it. Base of Pulama pali near top of view.

17 August 2002

Breakouts on the coastal flat

Breakout on flat about 560 m seaward of Paliuli, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Breakout on flat, with Paliuli and Pulama pali in background, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
| med | large |
Breakouts about 560 m from base of Paliuli, not fed by surface flows. Instead, they appear through cracks in crust of inflating pahoehoe. Much of the Mother's Day flow within several hundred meters of Paliuli is actively inflating as lava feeds into crusted flow from tubes coming down pali. Left. Predawn view at 0535.  Right. Dawn view at 0552. Paliuli is nearest cliff, and Pulama pali is distant. Fume rises from lava through skylights in tubes..

Video of eruptive activity

Lava falls at Highcastle entry, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i August 10, 2002: 0542 Lava falling over sea cliff into water at western group of entries.

Detail of new Highcastle entry, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i August 10, 2002: 0559 Close-up of lava falls and steam cloud generated by lava entering water.

New Highcastle entry, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i August 9, 2002: 0606 Lava falls into sea from western two entries at Highcastle. Entry started within past several hours. Listen to the "plop, plop" sounds as lava drips hit water.

Detail of new Highcastle entry, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i August 9, 2002: 0607 Telephoto of lava dropping into the sea.

Maps of lava-flow field, Kilauea Volcano

Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 21 July 2002

Map of lava flows on south coastal part of Kilauea Volcano as of 21 July 2002

Map shows lava flows erupted during the 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha (see large map). Lava from the Mother's Day flow (red flow on west side of flow field) reached the sea at West Highcastle early on July 19 and at Wilipe`a early on July 21. Active flows in May-July (shown in red) originate from two sources—the area of the rootless shields and an area just southwest of Pu`u `O`o. The two flows from the rootless shields are the Boundary flow, the longer flow along the edge of the national park, and the HALP flow, which moved into Royal Gardens subdivision on May 21. From near the southwest base of Pu`u `O`o, the Mother's Day flow passes along the west side of the flow field and into the forest, where it started a large wildfire in May that continued into late July. By June 10, the Mother's Day flow had reached the base of Paliuli, the steep slope and cliff below Pulama pali and just above the coastal flat. At the base of Paliuli, the Mother's Day flow abruptly spread laterally in a series of small budding flows to cover an area nearly 2 km wide, gradually moving seaward until the West Highcastle and Wilipe`a lobes finally reached the ocean and started building benches.

 


Eruption-viewing opportunities change constantly, so refer to this page often. Those readers planning a visit to Kilauea or Mauna Loa volcanoes can get much useful information from Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park; be sure to click on the IN-DEPTH button.


HomeVolcano WatchProductsPhoto GalleryPress Releases
How Hawaiian Volcanoes Work

The URL of this page is http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/multimedia/archive/2002/Aug/9-17.html
Contact: hvowebmaster@usgs.gov
Updated: 22 August 2002 (DAS)