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Kilauea

1 June 2002

Views of Mother's Day flow on and above Pulama pali

East and central branches of Mother's Day flow, and 1995 Jason flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
Smokey scene along central part of Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
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Left. View looking northeast showing shiny central branch of Mother's Day flow (upper left to left bottom of view) draping Pulama pali and spreading onto gentler slope. Much shorter east branch is smoky, with a small fire visible just beyond its front. Jason flow, erupted in 1995, is the darker, bare flow in right third of image. Right. Smoke hangs over the burned forest and bare Mother's Day flow above Pulama pali.

Edge of last night's fire near Chain of Craters Road

Downwind edge of burn near Chain of Craters Road, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Downwind margin of burned area caused by fire ignited by the Mother's Day flow. The fire flared up yesterday afternoon and neared the Chain of Craters Road (barely visible crossing a 1970's Mauna Ulu flow in upper left quarter of image), 2-2.5 km east of the Kealakomo viewpoint. Intensive fire-fighting efforts are underway today to prevent further spreading.

Map of area burned by Kupukupu fire set by Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Map of area burned by the Kupukupu (swordfern) Fire as of 0700. Map courtesy of Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park. The fire was ignited 15 days ago by the Mother's Day lava flow, which erupted from two new vents at the southwest base of Pu`u `O`o. Note the large area (620 hectares--1,530 acres) burned over on the afternoon and night of May 31-June 1; this prompted closure of the Chain of Craters Road. The fire illustrates an important principle of eruptions--the consequences extend far beyond those of the eruption itself.

East branch of HALP flow in upper Royal Gardens

Looking down the east branch of HALP flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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View looking downslope across the front of the east branch of the HALP flow. It angles across the intersection of Prince and Ekaha Streets in upper Royal Gardens and is now moving onto `a`a flow erupted in 1984. Prince is the street heading away from camera just above the smoke. Ali`i Street (right third of image) is free of lava. Ekaha-Warrior intersection is on extreme right-central edge, covered by new flow.

2 June 2002

HALP flow in upper Royal Gardens

Lava flow and burned upper part of Royal Gardnes subdivision, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Looking upslope across burned area in upper Royal Gardens subdivision. The near cross street is Tuberose, the far, Ekaha. The Ekaha-Warrior intersection--the first inundated by the HALP flow--is barely visible in the upper left corner of the subdivision. The left-hand street is Ali'i, headed diagonally upslope to smoky country. Prince (right-hand street) parallels Ali`i. An unpaved lane lies between Ali`i and Prince. The tip of the flow is just downslope from Tuberose and east of Prince, along the margin of a 1984 `a`a flow. Most of the area enclosed by Ekaha, Prince, Tuberose, and Ali`i has been burned in the past week. Pu`u `O`o is in extreme upper left.

Tip of Mother's Day flow near rock wall

Tip of Mother's Day flow along west edge of Jason flow and east of rock wall, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Shiny central branch of the Mother's Day flow has advanced toward camera along the west edge of the dark 1955 Jason flow and is now opposite the north end of a prominent rock wall, about 380 feet above sea level. Note how some lava spilled onto and almost across the Jason flow. In distance are two smoky streams that form the east branch.

West branch of Mother's Day flow cutting Kalapana Trail

West branch of Mother's Day flow cutting Kalapana Trail on lower Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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West branch cut the Kalapana Trail several days ago. This branch is sluggish now, having been superceded by the central branch in the image above. The Kalapana Trail is of historical significance. It was a main travel route (foot, horse, mule) from Kilauea's summit area to Kalapana until the Chain of Craters Road was built in the 1960s.

East branch of HALP flow in upper Royal Gardens

Looking down the east branch of HALP flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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View looking downslope across the front of the east branch of the HALP flow. It angles across the intersection of Prince and Ekaha Streets in upper Royal Gardens and is now moving onto `a`a flow erupted in 1984. Prince is the street heading away from camera just above the smoke. Ali`i Street (right third of image) is free of lava. Ekaha-Warrior intersection is on extreme right-central edge, covered by new flow.

5 June 2002

Significant advance of HALP flow in Royal Gardens

Flow almost to Pikake Street in Royal Gardens, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Aerial view of HALP flow advancing in two lobes, one down Prince Street (middle of image) and the other, larger, between Prince and Royal Streets (right street). The lowest lobe is nearly to Pikake Street, an advance of about 450 m in the past two days. The lobe going down Prince has crossed Pakalana Street, parallel to Pikake. Fuming Pu`u `O`o in upper left.
 

Mother's Day flow above Paliuli

Broad view of Mother's Day flow on and below Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
Close-up of lowest lobe along rock wall above Paliuli, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
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Left. Overview of Mother's Day flow (shiny) on gentle slope at foot of Pulama pali. Flow is moving between the 1995 Jason flow (right) and an old rock wall. Front is still about 240 m from top of Paliuli (below photographer) and 1.8 km from coastline. In middle ground, note where lava spilled across the Jason flow. Right. Closer view of relations between the Mother's Day flow and the rock wall and other stone enclosures.

8 June 2002

Scenes of Mother's Day flow just above Paliuli

Two pahoehoe toes split around bush, Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
Debris from methane explosion along Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
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Left. Thin flow split by small bush. The bush, however, soon burned away. Right. Disrupted ground and debris strewn from hole by methane explosion along edge of Mother's Day flow. The explosions can be loud enough to be heard 2 km or more away.
Rock wall temporarily restraining Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
Rock wall engulfed in Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i.
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Left. Rock wall temporarily restraining lava flow. The wall, center of view, holds up the flow to right. Right. Remnant of same rock wall a short distance downstream, completely surrounded by the Mother's Day flow.
Contrast between 1995 Jason flow and new Mother's Day flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i
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Contrast in surface color between the dark 1995 Jason flow, on which person stands, and the shiny, still-hot Mother's Day flow. In another 7 years, the Mother's Day flow will have a dark color similar to that of the Jason. View is just above top of Paliuli looking seaward. In top center is Army Blackhawk helicopter carrying water dipped from ocean to do battle with wildfire started by the flow.

Maps of lava-flow field, Kilauea Volcano

Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 21 May 2002

Map of lava flows on south coastal part of Kilauea Volcano as of 21 May 2002

Map shows lava flows erupted during the 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha (see large map). The flows between January and April 2002 were fed by several rootless shields located directly above the lava tube at elevations between 2,200 and 2,050 feet. Active flows in late May (shown in red; still active on June 10) originate from two sources, the area of the rootless shields and an area just southwest of Pu`u `O`o. The two flows from the rootless shields are the Boundary flow, along the edge of the national park, and the HALP flow, which is approaching the uppermost part of Royal Gardens subdivision on May 21 (and has reached far into the subdivision in early June).. The HALP flow entered the subdivision during the night of May 22-23. From near Pu`u `O`o, the Mother's Day flow passes along the west side of the flow field and into the forest. By June 10, it had reached the base of Paliuli, the steep slope below Pulama pali. The most recent ocean entries at East Kupapa`u and Kamoamoa stopped in mid January and late January respectively.

 


Eruption-viewing opportunities change constantly, so refer to this page often. Those readers planning a visit to Kilauea or Mauna Loa volcanoes can get much useful information from Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park; be sure to click on the IN-DEPTH button.


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Updated: 19 June 2002 (DAS)