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Kilauea

6 January 2005

MLK to far west arm

Incandescent hole at MLK vent of Nov. 30, 2004, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Incandescent hole at MLK vent of Nov. 30, 2004, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Incandescent hole formed on November 30, 2004 in MLK vent, part of the cluster of vents in the MLK-June 25-Puka Nui complex at south base of Pu`u `O`o. Note geologist, fashionably clad in blue flight suit, on cracked Pu`u `O`o. 0914. Right. Closer view of hole in MLK vent. 0912.
Aerial view of breakouts from upper PKK flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Part of far west arm of PKK flow, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Breakouts (light, angling toward lower left) on upper PKK flow between the 2300- and 210-foot elevations. Pu`u `O`o in background. 1405.  Right. Park of new far west arm of PKK flow, breaking out of lava tube at about the 2100-foot elevation. 1015.
Smoldering log along edge of middle arm PKK flow on Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Terminus of active middle arm of PKK flow on Pulama pali, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Smoldering log along edge of middle arm of PKK flow on Pulama pali. The far end of the log has burned completely away, leaving a log mold. 1115.  Right. Active terminus of middle arm of PKK flow at 1500-foot elevation on Pulama pali. 1158.

18 January 2005

Headed toward Highcastle

Breakout in west branch of west arm of PKK flow, about 800 m from West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Breakout in west branch of west arm of PKK flow, about 800 m from West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Scenes about 1 hour's walk from parking area, in new west branch of west arm of PKK flow. Left. Many people are visiting the flow now that it has reached a reasonable distance from the road. 0645. Right. A nice place to be at sundown. 0630.

25 January 2005

Pu`u `O`o and upper PKK flow

MLK vent area at south base of Pu`u `O`o, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
PKK lava tube revealed by fuming areas, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. MLK vent area at south base of Pu`u `O`o. It has two holes near its top, at least one more than on January 21. 1243.  Right. Line of fuming areas indicates site of PKK lava tube from near Pu`u `O`o. The fume comes from degassing lava flowing through the tube. 1245.
Large active breakout high on PKK tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Large active breakout high on PKK tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Active breakout between 2200 and 2300 feet along PKK lava tube. This breakout began during or just after an abrupt inflation earlier this morning. 1247. Right. Another view of same breakout, which by this time was about 500 m long along the east side of the PKK flow. 1247.

26 January 2005

Kiln hornito and small neighbor

Small hornito (carlito) along upper PKK lava tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Small hornito (carlito) along upper PKK lava tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Small new hornito, informally known as a carlito, near Kiln hornito near upper end of PKK lava tube. Such features form above a full tube and make a roaring noise as gas escapes through small openings in the roof of the tube. The hot gas keeps the rock inside the carlito incandescent. This guy is about 1 m high at most. 1203. Right. The other side of the carlito. 1204.
Kiln hornito and tiny neighbor along upper PKK lava tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Kiln hornito on upper PKK lava tube, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Kiln hornito, which formed between January 17 and 20. Carlito of upper two images is a lower left. 1213. Right. Another view of east side of Kiln hornito, showing blanket of golden Pele's Hair formed during spattering from the Kiln. Note person for scale. 1141.

28 January 2005

Lava at West Highcastle

Lava and darkly dawning sky, West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
People and dribbles at West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Early dawning sky forms backdrop for breakout in west branch of PKK flow at brink of old sea cliff above West Highcastle lava delta. Width of breakout, about 4 m. 0621. Right. Sparse surface breakouts on surface of West Highcastle delta, as viewed from above. 0643.
Pahoehoe toe at eye level, West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Pahoehoe toe at eye level, West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Eye-level view of pahoehoe toe in west finger of west branch. Filaments of crust stretch around bubbles as lava oozes ahead. Toe is about 10 cm high. 0656:48. Right. Just 31 seconds later, lava has cooled noticeably, and crust is more completely enveloping the toe. 0657:19.
Pahoehoe breakout, West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
Rising sun over pahoehoe lobe, West Highcastle, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i
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Left. Breakout about 2.5 m across issues from small tube in west finger of west branch. 0703. Right. Taken from same place as left image, but looking across flow into sun. 0705.

Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 2 February 2005

Map of lava flows on south coastal part of Kilauea Volcano as of 2 February 2005

Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o and Kupaianaha (see large map).

Yellow, brown, and red colors indicate lava flows erupted from October 2003 to early February 2005. Yellow shade indicates currently active Kuhio (PKK) flow, active most of the time from March 20, 2004 through present (February 1, 2005). Its large eastern arm feeds the Ka`ili`ili ocean entry. Its western arm once supplied lava to Lae`apuki, but now the west branch of that arm carries lava to the West Highcastle entry. The middle arm of the PKK flow has not amounted to much and hangs high on Pulama pali between the western and eastern arms.

Brown shade denotes MLK flows, which first erupted in January 2004, and, in brief spurts, subsequently.

Red indicates the Mother's Day/Banana flow, which is no longer active. Short flows from the crater, West Gap, and Puka Nui vents are also shown in red. Only the Puka Nui vent is currently producing infrequent, small flows.

New vents opened at the southern base of Pu`u `O`o on January 19, 2004 and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March 5, 2004. Since then, several more vents have formed in the MLK area and continue to erupt intermittently. On March 20, 2004 the Kuhio (PKK) flow originated from two vents, about 250 m south of base of Pu`u `O`o. This flow has been continuously active since July 26, 2004.

The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube, centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent in the middle of April and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter. The Banana flow fed an ocean entry from the end of May through the beginning of August. This flow stagnated early in September 2004, and Mother's Day tube died late in 2004.

 

Map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity: 24 August 2004

Map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity as of 24 August 2004

Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Pu`u `O`o frequently referred to in updates (see large map). These features change often, but this map should help those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just outside the boundary of the crater--the oval-shaped depression containing the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents MLK flows; yellow, PKK flow; purple, Puka Nui flow. Vents for these sets of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.



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Updated: 19 February 2005 (DAS)