2 March 2005
East side of East Lae`apuki ocean entry
| Left. Lava pours into the water
off the east side of the East Lae`apuki delta. Note that the lava
emerges from small tubes. Height of lava cascade, about 3 m. 0738.
Right. Same part of lava delta taken from same vantage point
as left image. Note the changes in a little more than 4 hours. This
image, however, is at less magnification than left image. East side of East
Lae`apuki ocean entry, 1152.
4 March 2005
Cones and plumes
| Left. Gas plumes rise from vents
in and south of Pu`u `O`o's crater, and from skylights on upper PKK
flow. Aerial view is toward east. 0835.
Right. Larger plume of laze, actually a composite of three
separate plumes, is at Ka`ili`ili ocean entry, and smaller is at
East Lae`apuki. Distance between the two ocean entries is 2.7 km.
| Left. Cones that cluster around
East Pond Vent, typically the most active vent in the crater of Pu`u
Right. Closer view at different angle of cone in left image
with two incandescent holes. 1119.
| Left. Looking west across
crater, showing three spatter cones seldom seen in images. South
Wall Complex is cone at left, built near crater wall. Drainhole and,
behind it, Beehive, are near right side of image. Note the high
mound of lava flows between South Wall Complex and Drainhole. 1055.
Right. Tip-top of highest cone in West Gap. This spire is
probably not long for this world. 1213
| Left. MLK vent cluster from
south flank of Pu`u `O`o. Near top edge of image, directly above
geologist, is Puka Nui cone, visible in large view. Both the MLK
cluster and Puka Nui cone were emitting loud roaring sounds today.
Right. Incandescent top of broad hornito at former site of
Kiln hornito, built on roof of upper PKK lava tube south of Pu`u
10 March 2005
Ka`ili`ili ocean entry and lava falls
| Left. Large laze plume at Ka`ili`ili
ocean entry is composed of four main entry points. The point
farthest east (right side of image) is new in the past week,
and an active finger of lava is approaching the sea cliff to the
west (left side of image). Note steam coming off ocean surface
in front of largest entry point. 0853. Right. Lava
falls viewed through skylight of tube in east branch of PKK flow on Pulama pali.
23 March 2005
| Left. Much of the Ka`ili`ili
lava delta is obscured by laze and steam, and views of lava are generally not
great. This image shows lava on the surface and in a tube on the
Right. Coarse strands of Pele`s Hair strewn across top of
sea cliff. The hair probably formed during large collapse of delta
front, exposing lava inside the delta to seawater. Explosions
resulted, and the hair formed as gas bubbles in the lava burst and
liquid flew through the air and was drawn out like spun glass. In such situations, the
surface of the lava flow above the sea cliff is often covered with
Pele's Hair and resembles the floor of a messy barber shop. 0847.
25 March 2005
New Kamoamoa ocean entry, and skylight
| Left. New Kamoamoa ocean entry
largely shrouded in laze and fume. Note that lava is pouring over an
old sea cliff onto an old delta, flowing across the old delta, and
dropping into the sea at the front of the old delta, building a new
addition to the delta in the process. The large number of actual
entry points leads to an equally large number of plumes. 1135.
Right. Looking southwest at Kamoamoa ocean entry. Directly
above center is puff of steam from East Lae`apuki entry, and in
upper left is steam rising from the two new Highcastle entries.
Holei Pali in background. 1136.
| Skylight on east branch of PKK flow
above Pulama pali. Left. Skylight in perspective of
surrounding ground surface. 1254.
Right. Closer view shows incandescent walls and ledges in
the tube, as well as drips from underside of one ledge near right
edge of image. 1254.
| Left. Still closer to the
Right. Not every place awe-inspiring is a place to be. 1257.
Map of flows from Pu`u `O`o: 2 February 2005
Map shows lava flows erupted during 1983-present activity of Pu`u `O`o
and Kupaianaha (see
Yellow, brown, and red colors indicate lava flows erupted from October 2003
to early February 2005. Yellow shade indicates
currently active Kuhio (PKK) flow, active most of the time from March 20, 2004 through
present (February 1, 2005). Its large eastern arm feeds the Ka`ili`ili
ocean entry. Its western arm once supplied lava to Lae`apuki, but now
the west branch of that arm carries lava to the West Highcastle entry.
The middle arm of the PKK flow has not amounted to much and hangs high
on Pulama pali between the western and eastern arms.
Brown shade denotes MLK flows, which first erupted in January 2004,
and, in brief spurts, subsequently.
Red indicates the Mother's Day/Banana flow,
which is no longer active. Short flows from the crater, West Gap, and
Puka Nui vents are also shown in red. Only the Puka Nui vent is currently
producing infrequent, small flows.
New vents opened at the southern base of Pu`u `O`o on January 19, 2004
and fed Martin Luther King (MLK) flows, which remained active until March
5, 2004. Since then, several more vents have formed in the MLK area and
continue to erupt intermittently. On March 20, 2004 the Kuhio (PKK) flow
originated from two vents, about 250 m south of base of Pu`u `O`o. This
flow has been continuously active since July 26, 2004.
The Banana flow developed from breakouts from the Mother's Day lava tube,
centered near the former Banana Tree kipuka. The breakouts become prominent
in the middle of April and lava started down Pulama pali shortly thereafter.
The Banana flow fed an ocean entry from the end of May through the beginning
of August. This flow stagnated early in September 2004, and Mother's Day
tube died late in 2004.
Map of Pu`u `O`o and vicinity: 24 August 2004
Map shows vents, lava flows, and other features near Pu`u `O`o frequently
referred to in updates (see
large map). These features change often, but this map should help
those viewers lost in the terminology. The cones in West Gap are just
outside the boundary of the crater--the oval-shaped depression containing
the seven numbered vents (now down to 6, as Humble Vent has been buried
by a mound of lava flows erupted from Dave's Pit/Vent in March. Red color
denotes flows--the Mother's Day flows--erupted since May 12, 2002. Light
orange color indicates episode-55 flows erupted between March 1997 and
August 2002 (exclusive of Mother's Day flows). Darker orange represents
MLK flows; yellow, PKK flow; purple, Puka Nui flow. Vents for these sets
of flows shown by indicated symbols. Gray shows flows of earlier episodes.
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Updated: 10 April 2005 (DAS)