USGS
Hawaiian Volcano 
Observatory


REFERENCES CITED

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Apple, R.A., and Apple, Peg, 1979a, Land, Lili'uokalani and annexation: Honolulu, Topgallant Press, 146 p.
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Bird, Isabella, 1966, Six months in the Sandwich Islands: Honohihi, University of Hawaii Press, 278 p.
Bolt, B.A., Horn, W.L, Macdonald, G.A., and Scott, R.E, 1975, Geologic hazards: New York, Springer-Verlag, 330 p.
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Bullard, EM., 1975, Thomas Augustus Jaggar, Jr., ms prepared for supplement five (1951 - 1955) of Dictionary of American Biography: Hilo, Apple collection, Mo'okini Library, University of Hawaii.
Byron, G.A., 1826, Voyage of HMS Blonde, Graham, M., compiler: London, John Murray, 271 p.
Coan, Lydia, 1884, Titus Coan, a memorial: Chicago, Revell, 220 p.
Coan, Titus, 1871, An island of fire: Scribner's Monthly, v. 2, no. 6, p. 56-57.
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Douglas, David, 1834, Extract of a letter to Captain Sabine: Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, v. 4, p. 333-344. ---------1919, Botantist at Hawaii (Wilson, W.E, ed.): Honolulu, W.E Wilson, 212 p.
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Dutton, C.E., 1884, Hawaiian volcanoes: U.S. Geological Survey Annual Report, 4, p. 75-219.
Ellis, William, 1827, Narrative of a tour through Hawaii (2nd ed.), London, H. Fisher, Son, and P. Jackson, 480 p.
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Green, W.L., 1887, Vestiges of the molten globe, part 2, the Earth's special features and volcanic phenomena: Honolulu, Hawaiian Gazette, 337 p.
Hitchcock, C.H., 1911, Hawaii and its volcanoes, 2nd ed. with supplement: Honolulu, Hawaiian Gazette, 314 p.
Jaggar, T.A., 1910, Lecture by Thomas A. Jaggar, Jr., to the Society of Arts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Society of Arts Bulletin, February, p. I-6.
---------1917a, Report of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Hawaii Volcano Research Association (dated January-March 1912 on cover): Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Society of Arts, 74 p.
---------1917b, Annual address of the director, the results of six years of work, August 23: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Bulletin, v. 5, no. 8, p. 81-88.
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---------1922a, Preparations for boring experiments: Monthly Bulletin of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, v. 10, no. 4, p. 32-33.
---------1922b, Progress of boring experiments: Monthly Bulletin of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, v. 10, no. 6, p. 63-68.
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---------1931, Improved Jaggar shock-recorder: Volcano Letter, no. 352, p. 2.
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Jaggar, T.A., and Finch, R.H., 1929, Tilt records for thirteen years at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, v. 19, no. 1, p. 38-51.
Jaggar, T.A., and Romberg, Arnold, 1918, An experiment in teleseismic registration: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, v. 8, no. 2-3, p. 88-89.
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Slightly modified from paper published on pages 1619-1644 of :

Decker, R.W., Wright, T.L., and Stauffer, P.H., (eds.), 1987, Volcanism in Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1350, 1667 p.

ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION
JAGGER AND THURSTON: BACKGROUND
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BEGINNINGS OF THE OBSERVATORY

PIONEERING, 1912-1953

BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES
TECHNOLOGY STATION (1911-1918)
INSTRUMENT HOUSES
WHITNEY LABORATORY OF SEISMOLOGY (1912-PRESENT)
OTHER FACILITIES
BUILDING 41 (1940-PRESENT)
BUILDING 131 AT UWEKAHUNA (1927-PRESENT)
NEW BUILDING AT UWEKAHUNA (1985-PRESENT)

PUBLICATIONS AND DOCUMENTS

VOLCANO EXPERIMENTS

MAUNA LOA
ACCESS ROUTES AND FACILITIES
THE 1926 ERUPTION
CONTROLLING LAVA FLOWS

THE OHIKI AND OTHER EXPERIMENTS

SEISMOLOGY
INSTRUMENTS
TRAVEL TIMES OF EARTHQUAKE WAVES
SCALES OF EARTHQUAKE INTENSITY
TSUNAMIS

TILT

SCIENCE AND THE PUBLIC

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How Hawaiian Volcanoes Work