U.S. Geological Survey - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
Mauna Loa - Current Activity - Hazards - History
Mauna Loa is among Earth's most active volcanoes, having erupted 33 times since its first well-documented historical eruption in 1843. Its most recent eruption was in 1984. Mauna Loa is certain to erupt again, and we carefully monitor the volcano for signs of unrest. See current activity for a summary of our monitoring efforts.
| Hazards | Eruptive History |
The Hawaiian name "Mauna Loa" means "Long Mountain." This name is apt, for the subaerial part of Mauna Loa extends for about 120 km from the southern tip of the island to the summit caldera and then east-northeast to the coastline near Hilo.
Elev. Above Sea Level
(50.5% of Hawai`i)
Most Recent Eruption
March 24-April 15, 1984
Number of Historical Eruptions
Name: Moku`aweoweo, "Moku" refers to a coastal land section or islet; "`aweoweo" is a type of red Hawaiian fish. Literal translation is fish section (the red of the fish suggests red lava).
Estimated Age of Earliest Subaerial Eruptions
About 400,000 years ago
Estimated Age of First Eruption of Mauna Loa
Between 1,000,000 and 700,000 years before present
Hawaiian Volcano Stage